The tools, books and products for succulent gardeners shown here are among my personal favorites. I update this list when I run across something I'm excited about and want to share. If there's an item you're looking for or would like to recommend, or a link that's out of date, please let me know! -- Debra
Pest & Weed Prevention and Treatment
Sprinkle this granulated powder from Preen on the ground wherever you don't want weeds. It stops seeds from germinating. As a garden chemical, it's safer than most, much safer than Round-Up (which you won't need if you use this).
Spread "pre-emergent herbicide" in late fall or early winter, before annual weeds sprout. It should be watered-in, so right before a rainstorm is ideal. Bare dirt+sunlight+water=weeds, so distribute it mainly on exposed soil, and anywhere weeds grew previously.
Be sure to spread under spiky agaves and cacti so you don't have to weed around them come spring!
snail bait (sluggo)
Sluggo contains mainly iron phosphate and therefore is safe around pets and wildlife. It's labeled for use in vegetable gardens up until harvest, and remains effective after rain or irrigation. Pellets break down into fertilizer. 1 lb. covers up to 2,000 sq. ft. Apply Sluggo at the start of the rainy season (late fall in most of the US) and again in spring.
Safer insectical soap
BurnOut is made with natural ingredients so it's environmentally friendly. Use it as an alternative to synthetic grass and weed killers. Controls annual broadleaf weeds, perennial broadleaf weeds, annual grasses, and perennial grasses. Works in just hours, dries after application, and becomes waterproof.
Safer brand diatomaceous earth is a "green" alternative to powders containing pyrethrum. Comprised of crushed fossilized diatoms (fresh-water algae), it's soft to the touch for humans, but scratches and penetrates insect exoskeletons, dehydrating them. It must remain dry to be effective.
See my article: "Ants in Your Succulents? What to Do."
ultrasonic Rodent & Insect Repeller
I wouldn't be without these ultrasonic devices that emit high-pitched sound bursts. Plug one into an outdoor outlet and it'll repel all sorts of pests and critters, yet it won't bother you, your dog or cat at all. I use one near bird feeders that tend to attract rodents, and on my patio to keep mice and rats from nibbling potted succulents.
Cactus weeding tool
Per the Ruth Bancroft Garden's newsletter: "This special tool helps grab weeds and other debris from inside and around your prickly plants so you can avoid impaling yourself with spines and glochids. We use them all the time here and they work great!"
On Amazon it's the "R1 Stainless Steel Fish Hook Remover Extractor 11-1/2 inches"
Clippers for taking cuttings, tidying plants
Several brands of kitchen shears work well for pruning succulents, deadheading plants and other light pruning. The main thing to look for is a strong, sharp, pointed tip. Long, slender blades are good too. Once you have a pair of these among your garden tools, you'll wonder how you managed without them. Regular scissors (forgive the pun) just don't cut it!
Hose-End trigger sprayer
A hose-end trigger sprayer ensures water goes where you want it and isn't wasted.
Gilmore's Thumb Control Hose Nozzle is a terrific sprayer with easily adjustable apertures, from mist to narrow blast. Every time I use it, I marvel at its design and usefulness.
Long tweezers and other essentials
My own garden tools include a trowel, tongs for grasping cactus, 70% alcohol for spraying aphids and mealies, clippers for fine pruning, a small screwdriver for adjusting irrigation sprayers, a sun visor, leather gloves, Felco pruners, two pairs of pliers (one for holding a riser, the other for unscrewing the head), long tweezers for reaching where my fingers can't, a soil knife for cutting roots, and a serrated kitchen knife for sawing through soft limbs (such as those of yuccas).
I use pieces of window screen (sold by the roll for around $8.50) to keep soil from falling through the drain holes of pots. You also can use drywall tape, but I prefer the finer mesh of window screen because it keeps pests (like ants) from entering the soil through the drain hole. I know it's overkill to buy a roll of screen for a single pot, but really, you should be using it in ALL your pots. Share the surplus with gardening friends. Cuts easily with scissors.
For the money (around $40), these are the best at deflecting spines. They're what Arizona artist Jim Sudal wears when creating his life-sized Xmas trees from spiny opuntia pads. But if money's no object, go with needle-resistant gloves ($78) police wear when searching suspects' pockets.
I use pieces of closed-cell pipe insulation to protect young tree trunks. The cylinder is slit lengthwise, so it's easy to wrap around the trunk. Staking is often needed with young trees to keep them upright. The foam protects the bark from being abraded or cut by coated wire or rope used to secure the tree. I do this for my garden's woody trees, like acacia and palo verde.
Kevlar sleeves are a must when gardening in close proximity to spiny plants, such as cacti or agaves. These cut-resistant tubes protect your arms, are made of stretch fabric, and have a thumb slot. Around $8 per sleeve (sold singly; order two).
Ironite, Balanced Granular Fertilizer & Moo Poo Tea
Annually in your garden right before a winter rainstorm, spread Ironite according to package directions.
In spring, as succulents awaken from dormancy, apply a balanced (15-15-15) fertilizer.
March or April is also the best time to feed container-grown succulents; I give mine Moo Poo Tea, a tea made from composted, dehydrated cow manure.
Tools to Drill Holes In Pots
Books (In addition to my three)...
The Gardener's Guide to Cactus
When it comes to garden plants, cacti are anything but standard issue. The bulk of home gardens contain exactly zero species of cactus, and the thought of growing them makes gardeners think, “Ouch!” In The Gardener’s Guide to Cactus: The 100 Best Paddles, Barrels, Columns, and Globes, Scott Calhoun is out to change that perception, and bring the beauty and ease of cactus home. It’s high time that cacti took their place alongside the trendy succulent.
Cacti & Succulents for Cold Climates
Cacti & Succulents for Cold Climates: There are many reasons to grow cacti and other succulents—they're drought-tolerant, low-maintenance, and they look great. But what about hardiness? For those who thought that these spectacular plants were only for gardens in California and the Southwest, guess again—hundreds are fully cold-hardy and can be grown outdoors from New England to British Columbia, Wisconsin to Texas.
Ken Shelf owns Succulence, a garden and lifestyle store in San Francisco’s Bernal Heights neighborhood. Over the past decade, he has taught numerous classes and workshops on succulents and vertical gardening. In addition, Ken creates masterful succulent centerpieces and arrangements for special occasions and provides custom landscaping and design work throughout the Bay Area.
Rachael Cohen is the owner and creator of Infinite Succulent, a plant art and styling service. She's perhaps best known for combining semi-precious gemstones, like amythest, as well as geodes with succulents. In her book Rachael shows numerous how-to design projects, many of them suitable for parent-child projects.
Jessica guides you through 40 projects that utilize popular varieties of succulents, air plants and other easy-care botanicals. Find out how to fashion living centerpieces, transform an old fountain into a succulent-filled garden, and how to hand-wire a succulent wreath---to name a few.
The Drought-Defying California Garden
In recent years California has been facing extreme drought, and in 2015 they passed state-wide water restrictions that affect homeowners. Unfortunately, the drought is only going to get worse, and gardeners who aren’t willing to abandon their beloved pastime entirely are going to have to learn how to garden with the absolute minimum of water. The Drought-Defying California Garden highlights the best 230 plants to grow, shares advice on how to get them established, and offers tips on how to maintain them with the minimum amount of water. All of the plants are native to California—making them uniquely adept at managing the harsh climate—and include perennials, annuals, shrubs, trees, and succulents.
Guide to Succulent Plants of the World
In The Timber Press Guide to Succulent Plants of the World by Fred Dortort, the plants are organized into 28 intuitively logical groups, such as succulent euphorbias, mesembryanthemums, bulbs, succulent trees, aloes, agaves, and haworthias. Each entry includes information on the plant's native habitat, its cultivation requirements, and its horticultural potential. As useful to novice growers as to collectors and those with an existing interest in succulents, this will be the standard reference for years to come.
FROST AND SUN PROTECTION
When weather extremes such as frost or scorching sun threaten your succulents, it's best to cover or shelter them.
- For covering plants during brief frosts and heat waves, use DeWitt's “winterization cloth freeze blanket, Agribon's floating row cover; Pellon nonwoven fabric; or simply use old bedsheets.
- If temps drop into the 20s, consider a Walk-In Greenhouse that can be dismantled and stored during warmer months.
- For overwintering succulents indoors, the ultimate plant-shelf unit is made of lightweight, powder-coated aluminum. It has adjustable lights with energy-efficient, full-spectrum bulbs; plastic drip trays; and wheels for easy positioning. Three shelves provide 18 square feet of growing space. From Gardener’s Supply Co.; about $600.
- You'll also need a timer that automatically turns lights on and off to simulate daylight. This has multiple outlets: Titan Apollo 14, about $26.
Also see my post: "How to Get Your Succulents Through Cold, Wet North American Winters."
Other Useful Items
Items You May Already Have
Kitchen tongs (around $6) are handy for grasping and potting-up cacti and small agaves with sharp tips, and for twisting pads off opuntias.
A turntable (lazy susan) with a nonslip texture is helpful when doing container arrangements. Set the pot atop it and rotate it as you work on the composition.
I wouldn't be without a chopstick to settle roots of succulents. It's essential when small nursery plants are tucked together so tightly, I'm not able to manipulate their root balls to settle them.
An old metal teaspoon (mine was mangled by a garbage disposal) is perfect for funneling topdressing into gaps between plants. You can also use a real funnel, but anything larger than coarse sand may clog it.
A soft artist's brush is great for cleaning dirt off leaves and spines, and the pointed end of the handle can be used like a chopstick to settle roots.
Duct tape wrapped around the fingers of gloves lets you pick up small cacti without getting poked.
Please note: Many of these links go to Amazon because their prices are as good as any, and as an affiliate, I receive a small percentage of any sales that originate on my website. I'm grateful if you obtain items that way, but many are available at brick-and-mortar stores as well.