Fancy ruffled echeveria

How to Behead and Replant Echeverias

Fancy ruffled echeverias---those large, flowerlike succulents---eventually need to be beheaded and the rosettes replanted. This is a bother, but it comes with a benefit: New clones will form on old, headless stalks. But not always. Here's how to ensure success when you behead and replant prized echeverias.

Photos below are from my videos: How to Slice and Re-root Echeverias, with expert Tina Zucker (4:16), Echeveria Propagation by Beheading, with Aaron Ryan (4:53) and How to Behead Ruffled Echeverias with Marylyn Henderson (3:56).

When to behead

The best time to behead and replant echeverias is when days are warm and nights cool. Generally, in spring and fall and not midsummer or midwinter (in most areas).

Tissue that produces new growth should be green. If it's brown and woody, it probably doesn't have adequate growth cells. So, don't wait forever to get around to beheading and replanting an awkwardly tall echeveria!

Echeveria rosette after being sliced

Upper stem of an echeveria, showing healed (callused) tissue where the head was removed.

How and where to slice

When beheading, cut straight across, using a sharp knife or clippers. It's surgery, so be clean, swift and smooth.

Slice the trunk an inch or two below the rosette or where there's a gap between leaf axils. It's not about creating an anchor for the cutting, but rather going after cells that are actively growing.

Check for disease

Exposed tissue, either at the bottom of the rosette or the top of the stem, should be firm. If it's hollow or darkened, it's likely weak or diseased. Cut lower (or higher) until you expose healthy tissue.

Aerial roots, beheaded echeveria rosette

Aerial roots growing from the base of a beheaded rosette are bright pink. This head is ready to be planted.

Root formation

Experts prefer to let heads send roots into thin air before replanting them, because going directly into soil risks stem rot. Set the rosette atop an empty pot, with its lowest leaves resting on the rim, in bright shade. The rosette should be higher than the stem (not lying on its side) so nutrients and growth hormones flow downward.

Truncated rosettes may form aerial roots within days, weeks or months...or never. There's no certain way to know. In general, the faster the initial root production, the quicker the new plant will take off.


Plant newly rooted rosettes in potting soil mixed half-and-half with pumice.


For a six-inch-diameter pot, mix in 1 tsp. Osmocote 14-14-14 slow-release fertilizer.*

Desiccated echeveria leaf

It's normal for the lower leaves of beheaded rosettes to soften and wrinkle.


Rosettes that are cooling their heels atop empty pots don't need water. They draw on moisture in their leaves, which may become flaccid.

Before planting the rosette, peel away any spent lower leaves (if they come off easily).

Water the newly planted rosette as you would any potted succulent. Optional: Encourage root formation by setting the pot in a saucer of water for a few minutes---enough to moisten the soil about an inch or two up from the bottom. Roots grow more quickly when reaching downward for moisture. Avoid letting soil get soggy.


Let newly planted echeverias rest in bright or dappled shade. Once firmly rooted, they'll require several hours of sun (ideally in the morning, when it's cool) to maintain their color and form.

Learn from the pros

Watch my YouTube videos of experts demonstrating how to behead and replant echeverias:



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How to Propagate Succulents

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  1. Arsenia Serafica on November 4, 2019 at 11:16 pm

    Thanks for sharing Debra, lots of useful informations about succulents. Love all your videos! 🤗👩‍💻👍

  2. Kristen on October 10, 2021 at 9:59 am

    Hello! I have a super small version of this ruffled echevaria. I’ve had it several years and has not grown. Is there something I’m doing wrong? I see how lovely these are and wonder why mine has not grown at all.

    • Debra Lee Baldwin on October 10, 2021 at 11:36 am

      Hi Kristen — It’s disappointing when a prized plant just sits and sulks, refusing to do much of anything. It’s not you, it’s probablythe species or cultivar. Some simply don’t get big. Others do. Can be difficult to tell the difference when they’re small. There are so many varieties!

  3. Nancy White on August 20, 2022 at 10:48 am

    I have a fully grown Echeveria Speed Bumps purchased two years ago from Dick Wright. It got to be too tall and was falling over so I beheaded it. Sat it in an empty pot to grow roots and some are starting but the roots are white. I also had a beautiful 4 inch Speed Bumps cutting from him that had tons of white roots but it never thrived. Are white roots a problem?? All other echeverias I have make pink roots.
    Any advice?

    • Debra Lee Baldwin on August 24, 2022 at 8:22 pm

      As far as I know, there’s no difference between white and red roots. Failure to thrive likely has more to do with the vitality of the plant (not all species and cultivars of Echeveria are easy to propagate). It also could be the time of year, soil, heat, moisture, humidity, dryness, sun, shade, etc.

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